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October 2019 Market Perspective
Wednesday, November 6, 2019

A quick check of recent bond market returns seems to indicate that all is well in the bond market. With the Bloomberg Barclays U.S. Aggregate Bond Index (the Agg) up nearly 9% through the first 10 months of 2019 and up over 11.5% over the trailing 12 months ended October 31, reports of the end of the multi-decade bull run in bonds appear to be premature. Or are they? Despite strong recent returns, the 3- and 5-year annualized returns of the Agg are just slightly above 3%. In fact, the cumulative 3-year return is lower than the trailing 12-month return. In other words, as seen in the following chart, the Agg had a negative return for the first two years of the current three-year period.

Bloomberg Barclays U.S. Aggregate Bond Index Cumulative Return

Source: Bloomberg, L.P.

Most of the positive bond market return in 2019 came within the first six months. Uncertainty over trade policy and concerns about a slowing global economic expansion drove expectations that the Federal Reserve (the Fed) would cut short-term interest rates, which in turn, helped drive longer-term rates down and bond prices up. Interestingly, as the Fed delivered on expected rate cuts, first in July and then again in September and October, the bond market’s rate of advance has slowed. In fact, the Agg lost nearly a quarter percent over the course of September and October.

Investors may find it advantageous to prepare for potentially low returns from bond investments now that the Fed delivered on market expectations of three cuts in the Federal Funds rate and with bond futures market pricing reflective of declining probabilities of additional cuts. Specifically, without significant deterioration in economic conditions, bond yields could likely stay low or even rise, potentially resulting in a continuation of multi-year annualized returns that are too low to help many investors meet their long-term objectives.

U.S. 10-Year Treasury Yield vs. Bloomberg Barclays U.S. Aggregate Bond Index

While bond market returns slowed, the equity market set new highs in October even though earnings growth appeared to have hit a plateau. Low yields in the bond market and elevated equity valuations, which may be an indicator of increased downside risk, create challenges for long-term investors. In this environment, investors may benefit from increasing allocations to low-volatility equity strategies that can provide consistent participation in equity market advances while mitigating equity market declines. These strategies may also have the potential for better long-term returns than investment grade bonds in a low-to-rising interest rate environment. Delivering this low-volatility equity profile has been the primary focus of Gateway’s risk-first approach to long-term investing since 1977.

October 2019 Market Perspective



  • U.S. Market Recap
  • U.S. Market Perspective
    • Too Much of a Good Thing?
    • Has the Federal Reserve Taper Already Impacted Vol
    • License to Kill (Portfolio Returns)
    • What Will Taper Do to Implied Volatility?
    • How Can Investors Benefit from Rich Volatility Ris
    • Volatility Is Where You Find It
    • Taking Stock at Mid-Year—What Can Investors Rely O
    • Volatility Pricing Indicates Market Expectations
    • A Multidimensional Volatility Environment
    • The Alternative to "There is No Alternative"
    • A Closer Look at Bond Market Performance
    • Familiar Factors Present as the VIX® Nears Record
    • Will Volatility Risk Premium Remain Attractive in
    • Lower, not Low: An Examination of Recent Implied V
    • October 2020 Market Perspective
    • September 2020 Market Perspective
    • August 2020 Market Perspective
    • July 2020 Market Perspective
    • June 2020 Market Perspective
    • May 2020 Market Perspective
    • April 2020 Market Perspective
    • March 2020 Market Perspective
    • February 2020 Market Perspective
    • January 2020 Market Perspective
    • December 2019 Market Perspective
    • November 2019 Market Perspective
    • October 2019 Market Perspective
    • Q3 2019 Market Perspective
    • August 2019 Market Perspective
    • July 2019 Market Perspective
    • June 2019 Market Perspective
    • May 2019 Market Perspective
    • April 2019 Market Perspective
  • Market Review
  • Quick Takes
  • Flagship (Index/RA) Commentary
  • Active Overwrite Commentary
  • Active PutWrite Commentary



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